Talking TSMO with Jessie Carroll

Talking TSMO with Jessie Carroll
Transportation Systems Management and Operations (TSMO) expert Jessie Carroll answers the top questions from agencies and tips for getting started.

First defined in 2012 as a systematic approach to improving highway safety, reducing congestion and renewing roads and bridges, TSMO—short for Trans­porta­tion Systems Management and Operations—is gaining momentum as an innovative planning strategy that focuses heavily on trans­porta­tion operations and systems performance. Over the past few years, TSMO initiatives have ticked up due to the growing realization that agencies can no longer “build their way out of congestion.”  

But while the trend towards TSMO is rising, many agencies still have practical questions about its basic principles. We sat down with one of CDM Smith’s TSMO leaders, Jessie Carroll, PE, PTOE, PMP to help answer some key questions. 

Data AnalyticsIn your own words, what is TSMO and how does it tie into improved trans­porta­tion networks?

When I’m asked to describe TSMO to clients who aren’t familiar, I say it’s essentially a way of thinking through projects to make what you have work better. Too often, people assume that optimizing a trans­porta­tion system auto­mat­i­cally means adding new infra­struc­ture. But with TSMO, we focus on operational improve­ments that can maintain and even restore the performance of the existing trans­porta­tion system before extra capacity is needed.

The goal here is to get the most performance out of the trans­porta­tion facilities we already have. That can lead to many benefits—traffic flow reliability, decreased congestion, and safety opti­miza­tion—which cover the most pressing issues facing most trans­porta­tion agencies. But there are also several others like improved customer service, more efficient use of resources, cleaner air and better economic vitality.

Check ListGot it! So how would an agency get started? What’s the first step?
Many state DOTs and trans­porta­tion agencies are already imple­ment­ing various levels of TSMO programs, perhaps without even realizing it. At CDM Smith, we recommend agencies start by assessing the level of commu­ni­ca­tion within their internal departments. Is there regular commu­ni­ca­tion happening? If not, where is the breakdown and how can it be resolved? We also emphasize the importance of talking to every department that’s expected to be involved throughout the project lifecycle—so not just the trans­porta­tion planners and the construc­tion managers, but the engineering designers, maintenance and operations departments, too. 
After that, agencies should move forward with the American Association of State Highway and Trans­porta­tion Officials (AASHTO) TSMO Guidance Self-Evaluation which categorizes an agency’s capa­bil­i­ties in areas like business planning, technical under­stand­ing, and collab­o­ra­tion. The resulting information from these self-assessments can be used to build an imple­men­ta­tion plan to advance and sustain the agency’s TSMO program.
Working with a team that not only has that proven track record of deploying successful programs but also knows how to easily incorporate TSMO strategies into an agency’s way of doing business is crucial.
Jessie Carroll
Jessica Carroll Jessica Carroll
With TSMO, we focus on operational improvements that can maintain and even restore the performance of the existing transportation system before extra capacity is needed.
CommunicationWhat are some of the biggest miscon­cep­tions around TSMO?

In my view, the biggest might be that TSMO and Intelligent Trans­porta­tion Systems (ITS) are the same thing. I tell my clients to think of ITS as a branch of the TSMO tree; it’s a tool for managing and operating trans­porta­tion systems but it’s not the only strategic improvement you can make. TSMO ultimately defines itself by the paradigm shift of considering the planning, design, people, processes, technology and data before the solution is implemented. 

Another miscon­cep­tion is that by introducing TSMO into your agency’s operations, it means acknowl­edg­ing that you’ve been designing or managing your systems ‘wrong.’ In those cases, I try to manage the pushback by emphasizing that there’s always room for improvement. 

major keyCan you give us a real-life example of TSMO in action?

Sure! Say your agency is battling increased highway congestion. Without TSMO, the immediate solution to a traffic congestion problem would be to just build another roadway lane. But with it, we utilize a 3-pronged approach to find the best solution. 

First, like I mentioned, we get the departments to start talking to each other. We identify champions in each group who we can lean on to glean useful information about their department’s prioritizes and pain points. Then we start asking the right questions: What congestion-based issues is each champion seeing in his or her department? What questions do the champions have for their coun­ter­parts? If a new lane were to be built, what other improve­ments can be made during construc­tion based on each department’s individual priorities? Those improve­ments might be anything from changing the bulbs in traffic signals to improving the process for clearing roadway incidents—but the key here is that each department is represented equally. Lastly, we bring everyone together to share what we heard and get all the concerns out on the table. That helps us best balance the needs of each group and build optimized strategies based on the feedback we received. 

I always use our work with the Illinois Tollway as a great TSMO success story. The Tollway has long­stand­ing programs for innovative operations and maintenance strategies, but like with all major trans­porta­tion agencies, portions of the system experience recurring congestion, safety concerns, and performance issues. In the summer of 2019, we started working with the Tollway to build a TSMO strategic plan.  We started with a version of the TSMO Guidance Self-Evaluation  tailored to the Tollway’s unique issues and concerns.  The focus of our efforts was to evaluate the Tollway’s status related to the Capability Maturity Matrix.  The capability maturity model reviewed the Tollway’s systems operations and management at the agency level. 

listeningWhat are the benefits of working with an outside consultant like CDM Smith to help implement TSMO? 

TSMO requires unique knowledge, skills, and techniques to administer compre­hen­sive solutions that can be implemented quickly at relatively low cost. Working with a team that not only has that proven track record of designing and deploying successful programs but also knows how to easily incorporate TSMO strategies into an agency’s normal way of doing business is crucial.

I’d also say that by having an outside party facilitate these inter-agency conver­sa­tions, you eliminate the potential for one-sidedness. I find that individuals are hesitant to share their honest opinions when they fear reper­cus­sions from leadership or their peers, so using a consultant will help create a “safe space” so individuals can speak freely. Plus, we are trained in public engagement and stakeholder management. We ask the right questions, we bring in the right people and we use our unique perspective to “connect the dots” and suggest solutions that will benefit the entire team.   


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