Improving Solid Waste Management in Egypt
In 2012, Egyptian industries, agriculture and households generated more than a tonne of waste per capita per year. A substantial amount of the waste went untreated into rivers or onto roads and outdoor areas, with only about 60% of the waste collected, less than 20% of which was properly disposed of or recycled. The inadequate waste management infrastructure not only endangers the environment, but also human health.
The German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), in cooperation with the European Commission and the Swiss State Secretariat for Economics finalised an agreement with the Egyptian Ministry of Environment on a National Solid Waste Management Programme for Egypt. The programme's aim is to enhance the solid waste management on a national, as well as on a regional and local level, by improving the effectiveness of technical facilities, developing and strengthening the institutional capacities, and introducing financial tools for sustainable solid waste management. The German federal government has provided financial support to the programme in the form of a joint project between the public development financing organisation (KfW) and the Society for International Cooperation (GIZ).
Our experts evaluate the solid waste situation, advise the authorities on appropriate investments in the waste infrastructure, and supervise the implementation of these measurements.
CDM Smith is leading a consortium that supports the national authority, Waste Management Regulatory Authority, as well as local solid waste management units in Assiut and Qena, in developing an economically viable and sustainable waste management system matched to local requirements. Specifically, we are updating existing master plans and developing new ones while giving institutional training to local waste management authorities. We are promoting cooperation between the different involved stakeholders, advising the authorities on introducing new economic instruments, and developing concepts to collect and transport waste more efficiently.
In the meantime, the planning phase has been completed in which master plans for the disposal of waste were prepared in the two governorates in Upper Egypt. The following plants will then be constructed in the "immediate implementation phase":
- Three transfer stations in Assiut and one in Qena
- One composting plant in Assiut
- One landfill plant in Assiut and one in Qena
- One MBT plant in Assiut and one in Qena
Assuming a tendering period of 6 months and a construction phase of 12 months, the plants are expected to be in operation by the end of 2020.
Further plants are planned for a later phase (mid-term phase - after 2021).